Women are essential to the peace and reconciliation process in Myanmar, a country ruled by a military junta for almost fifty years. Sexual violence during the years of armed conflict has been systematic but has been largely overlooked due to a culture of widespread impunity, the extent of which has led to some concern that the government may have tacitly approved of sexual violence as a weapon of war. Women and girls have been disproportionately affected by a systematic failure to invest in basic services like healthcare and education. As the Head of Government, prominent female leader Aung San Suu Kyi has used her wide popular and political support to advocate for the participation of women in leadership roles and gender equality; however, domestic laws remain that are contrary to the advancement of gender equality. Based on the work of NGOWG members and their partners, the NGOWG advocates that international mechanisms be utilized to investigate human rights abuses in Myanmar, including by ensuring that the UN country team expands support for local organizations and conducts regular and systematic reporting on the human rights situation in Myanmar, including the rights of women.