For April, in which the United States of America has the presidency of the UN Security Council, the MAP provides recommendations on the situations in the Haiti, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, and Western Sahara.
1743 (2007), OP 16; 1927 (2010), OP 4; 2070 (2012), OP 22), as well as all other strong language calling on strengthened government and international efforts promoting women’s political participation (SCR 2313 (2016), OP 14), preventing sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) (SCR 2313 (2016), OP 28 ), and ensuring women’s rights (SCR 2313 (2016), OPs 22, 26). The Council should include new language reinforcing that the Government, MINUSTAH and the UN Country Team (UNCT) ensure women’s full participation in all strategic processes, including planning for a potential transition, by facilitating regular consultations with women leaders and women’s civil society organizations. Further, the language regarding sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) should be strengthened, in line with SCR 2272 (2016), to call for accountability and investigations, with particular attention paid to preventing exploitation of internally-displaced persons. Additionally, the Council should add new language to condemn acts of violence committed against individuals on the basis of their sexual orientation and gender identity in line with A/HRC/RES/32/2 (OP 2), and call upon the Government, with the support of MINUSTAH and the UNCT, to adopt national legislation to protect the rights of LGBTIQ persons and ensure access to justice and services. SCR 2242 (2015) (OP 4), provide detailed analysis of the gender dynamics of the situation, and include specific recommendations related to gender in any opti future reconfiguration or adjustments to the mission mandate and operations. In its discussions, the Council should inquire as to the ways in which the mission is or is not meeting its obligations to implement the women, peace and security agenda, including by consulting regularly with women’s civil society organizations (SCR 2122 (2013), OP 7(a)). A/HRC/34/63). Further, the severe security situation, including prevalent informal armies and widespread and systematic sexual violence, is being exacerbated by famine, with the number of food insecure people to rise to 5.5 million by July. During its consideration of the situation, the Council should also continue to protect civilians and call on the mission to hold regular consultations with local women’s civil society organizations to ensure protection strategies, including those in and around the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) protection of civilians sites, are responsive to women’s security concerns (SCR 2252 (2015), OP 8(a)(i), (v), (vi); (b)(i), (ii), (iii)). Furthermore, the Council should inquire as to how the Regional Protection Force for Juba will incorporate the women, peace and security agenda as it prepares to deploy and how UNMISS will improve its response to women’s protection concerns following its strategic review (S/2016/951). In regards to the ongoing political dialogue, the Council should reaffirm its commitment to women’s representation in official decision-making institutions and meaningful participation in any peace process moving forward. The Security Council must apply all necessary pressure to ensure that South Sudanese women from national and grassroots organizations are included in the dialogue, as well as in the implementation and monitoring of any outcomes. 2122 (2013) and 2242 (2015); A/HRC/34/64). Further, the Council should ensure that women’s particular needs, such as secure access to sanitation facilities and hygiene, and health assistance including reproductive health, family planning, and maternal health services, are adequately addressed by relevant international actors. Reporting should reflect the gender specific consequences of the increasing attacks against humanitarian convoys delivering medical supplies, and against medical workers and facilities. The Council should inquire into any lack of reporting on the concrete steps necessary to ensure women’s full and meaningful inclusion in the peace process, including any efforts of local civil society, including women’s groups, to ensure agreements are gender-sensitive and grounded in the experiences of local populations. The Council must also ensure Syrian women’s meaningful participation in the UN-facilitated political process (SCR 2254 (2015)) and call for the Office of the Special Envoy for Syria to strengthen and enhance the role of the Syrian Women’s Advisory Board. All mechanisms established to facilitate civil society participation, including engagement with diverse perspectives of civil society, should be fully resourced, supported, accessible and transparent. Finally, the Council should ensure women’s meaningful participation in the establishment and operation of the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism (A/71/L.48 (2016)) to assist in the investigation of serious crimes committed in Syria since 2011, including in detention centers, and that the mechanism fully documents abuses against Syrian women and girls.