For August, in which Egypt has the presidency of the UN Security Council, the MAP provides recommendations on the situations in DRC, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, and the thematic agenda item of sanctions.
SCR 2106 (2013) and SCR 2122 (2013)); and deployment of women’s protection advisers (WPAs) (SCR 1888 (2009), OP 12). Reporting should include information on the Government’s efforts to address SGBV, including the implementation of a national strategy to combat SGBV (CEDAW/C/COD/CO/6-7). Furthermore, it is imperative that human rights violations, including SGBV, continue to be monitored, through consultation with civil society, including women leaders and, human rights defenders, during field visits (SCR 2122 (2013), OP 6), and perpetrators are identified, arrested, and prosecuted. SCR 2242 (2015); CEDAW/C/LBN/CO/4-5). The Council should consider the extent to which the current mission mandate effectively responds to the particular concerns of civilians, including women, and further ensure there is ongoing and regular consultation with diverse civil society organizations, including women’s groups (SCRs 2122 (2013) and 2242 (2015)), as UNIFIL’s relationship with local communities is essential to its success as a mission, as per the recent strategic review (S/2017/202). The grave repercussions of the proliferation of arms and gun violence in Lebanon must not be overlooked or disconnected from the deterioration of the rule of law. In this context, the Council should exert pressure on Member States to uphold their obligations under SCR 1701 (2006) to prevent the sale or supply of arms to entities or individuals in Lebanon beyond the control of the State. CEDAW/C/LBR/CO/7-8). Further, the Council should also ensure that gender is actively mainstreamed across all reintegration, post-conflict recovery, and peacebuilding processes, including through promoting education and vocational training for women and girls associated with armed groups in reintegration efforts. Survivors must be given full access to post-conflict relief and recovery programs, including access to comprehensive reproductive health and psychosocial services (SCR 2106 (2013)). It is imperative that, over the course of the transition, mission responsibilities related to WPS are continued, and any entities which take on transferred responsibilities have the necessary capacity and resources. As part of its implementation of the WPS agenda and in order to strengthen the information and analysis it is receiving on the gender dimensions of the situation, the Council should invite women civil society representatives and the Executive Director of UN-Women to brief the Council (SCR 2122 (2013), OP 1(a)(c)). SCR 2323 (2016)), peace processes, as well as efforts to engage with women’s civil society organizations and protect women’s rights. In addition, the Security Council must make sure that relief and humanitarian response plans are inclusive and involve women throughout the entire planning process, including in the design of monitoring and evaluation strategies that measure the impact of the programs on women. With the deteriorating security situation and the threat posed by armed groups and illicit arms proliferation, high profile female public figures, including human rights defenders (HRDs), civil society leaders, activists, journalists, and politicians, continue to be targets of assassinations, abductions, and SGBV. Women are similarly subjected to violations by armed groups in their daily lives, such as harassment at security checkpoints. Women who are internally displaced and their additional challenges, such as obtaining identification papers and legal papers, especially for those who are single, widowed, or otherwise separated from male relatives, should be discussed in reporting. Although the national order restricting women’s unaccompanied travel was repealed, the replacement order imposes restrictions on all women and men aged 18 to 45 and is, thus, a violation of the right to freedom of movement. S/2017/249, S/2016/361, S/2015/716, S/2015/203, S/2014/181), the Security Council must strengthen its attention to WPS in both thematic and country-specific action on sanctions by:
- Adding violations of women’s rights, including targeting of women human rights defenders, and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) as designation criteria (SCR 2242 (2015), OP 6; S/2017/249; S/2016/361; S/2015/716; S/2014/181; S/2013/525).
- Including a provision requesting that the SRSG on Sexual Violence in Conflict (SViC) and other relevant experts, such as UN-Women, brief the sanctions committee, including by sharing information and referring parties to be included in the sanctions list (S/2017/249) and coordinating with associated expert groups (S/2017/249).
- Including a provision requesting information sharing between UN peace operations and associated expert groups with regards to any information on perpetrators of SGBV and their military and political leaders, in line with good practice related to sensitive and ethical data collection.
- Requiring gender and women’s rights analysis in the reporting of all associated expert groups, including on the impacts of sanctions and counterterrorism strategies; women’s participation in armed groups; and the gender dimensions of the flow of arms and illicit trafficking of humans, drugs, and natural resources.
- Requesting that associated expert groups meet with local women’s civil society organizations in the course of their work (SCR 2242 (2015), OP 12).
- Ensuring there is gender expertise in all associated experts groups (SCR 2242 (2015), OP 6).