Abyei / South Sudan / SudanThe Council is expected to discuss the forthcoming report and mandate regarding the UN mission on the Interim Security force for Abyei (UNISFA). As tensions and conflict have escalated between Sudan and South Sudan, the humanitarian crisis has worsened, including a surge in refugees. Civilians in Blue Nile continue to endure Sudan’s indiscriminate bombing and other abuses, even as new conflict between Sudan and South Sudan threatens to engulf the wider border area. Since the United Nations mandate for a peacekeeping operation in the region expired in July 2011, there have been no UN monitors on the ground to document the initial impact of the fighting on civilians in Blue Nile, where conflict spread in September. Sudan has refused to sign an agreement with SPLM-North granting access for humanitarian aid for Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, as proposed by the United Nations, African Union, and League of Arab states. The Council should insist that all parties end attacks on civilian areas, and immediately allow aid into the state. The Security Council should urge the Sudanese Government to allow a full and impartial investigation by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) into events in both Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile.
- Press for the prosecution of members of the security forces responsible for serious violations of international human rights or humanitarian law, and oppose immunity for all Yemeni officials who may have been responsible for serious violations of international human rights or humanitarian law;
- Impose an asset freeze and travel ban on President Saleh and others implicated in serious rights violations;
- Urge all relevant parties to suspend all military sales and assistance to Yemen, until violations cease, perpetrators are fully held to account, and victims compensated;
- Press Yemen to support an independent international investigation into serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law committed by all sides since February 2011; and
- Urge the Yemeni Government to allow OHCHR to monitor and report on human rights violations in Yemen.