For September, in which Ethiopia has the presidency of the UN Security Council, the MAP provides recommendations on the situations in Colombia, Lake Chad Basin region, Libya, Mali, South Sudan, and Yemen.
Final Agreement; SCR 2242 (2015)). Additionally, the Council should call on the mission and the Government to support and assist Afro-descendant and Indigenous human rights organizations and their respective authorities in establishing and maintaining community-based, gender-responsive self-protection plans to address threats from paramilitaries and other armed actors in areas formerly under FARC-EP control. The Council should further encourage the Commission for Monitoring, Advance, and Verification of the Final Accord (CSIVI) to begin, without delay, proper and meaningful consultation with the Special High Level Body for Ethnic Peoples to ensure full adherence to all provisions of the Final Agreement. The mission should address the risk of an increase in sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in transitional zones and ensure that all cases are adequately investigated and if there is sufficient admissible evidence, prosecuted in fair trials, as it is essential for the successful implementation of personal and collective measures. Finally, in light of the continuing harassment and killings of human rights defenders (HRDs), the Council should call on the Colombian government to properly investigate killings without further delay, and to hold perpetrators fully accountable (Final Agreement; SCR 2366 (2017)). SCR 2122 (2013), OP 4). The Council should call for UNSMIL to promote the full and effective participation of women in all peace, security, and political processes, including as leaders in discussions on and efforts to combat and prevent terrorism and violent extremism. Further, the Council should include a call for UNSMIL to regularly engage women’s civil society organizations, including through formal consultative mechanisms, and further, build the capacity of women’s groups to challenge violence and violent tactics by any actor. Finally, the mission should be explicitly called upon to investigate and monitor human rights, including SGBV, and address ongoing threats to HRDs and civil society leaders. SCR 2364 (2017), OP 20(a) (ii)). Women’s participation and leadership in efforts to counter violent extremism (SCR 2242 (2015), OP 13) must be part of broader peace and stabilization strategies. With upcoming district, regional, legislative and presidential elections as well as a constitutional referendum, the report should detail capacity-building efforts for prospective female candidates and elected officials and steps taken to ensure that the process is free, fair, and inclusive (CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/6-7). The Council should inquire as to MINUSMA’s efforts to increase women’s participation in human rights institutions and training for Malian security forces, police, gendarmerie and legal authorities on SGBV, as well as how the mission has taken into account the particular needs of women and children, particularly girls, in disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (SCR 2364 (2017), OP 20 (a)(ii)). SCR 2252 (2015), OP 8(a)(i), (v), (vi); (b)(i), (ii), (iii)) and should identify and train women to be leaders in the field of peace and security. In PoC sites, women’s resource access and food security is inexorably linked with their physical security and integrity, thus there should be particular attention to ways in which the mission can reduce the risk for women, i.e., through livelihoods patrols, protective accompaniment and establishment of safe areas for firewood collection. Further, UNMISS should improve its capacity and attention to investigations of SGBV-related security incidents in and around PoC sites. There should be enhanced clarity on channels of reporting on SGBV and regular and timely reporting on the human rights situation, including on patterns of SGBV. On 31 May 2017, President Salva Kiir appointed three women to the leadership organ of the National Dialogue Steering Committee. Though this is positive, there should be stronger political will and commitment from the South Sudanese government and the international community to ensure that this is not merely symbolic but a substantive step towards inclusive political processes. The Security Council must apply all necessary pressure to ensure that women from national and grassroots organizations are included in peace and political decision-making processes, as well as in the implementation and monitoring of any outcomes. SCR 2122 (2013), OP 13 and SCR 2242 (2015), OP 13). Finally, all efforts to address the humanitarian situation must be gender sensitive and responsive to women’s differentiated experiences, including as heads of households. Any assistance should provide for the full range of medical, including access to the full range of sexual and reproductive health services; legal; psychosocial; and livelihood services, and the need for access during conflict and post-conflict situations (SCR 2122 (2013)).