For September, in which Russia has the presidency of the UN Security Council, the MAP provides recommendations on Colombia, DRC, Iraq, Libya, South Sudan and Sudan (Darfur).
WHO); women and girls face a higher risk of contracting Ebola due to pre-existing gender norms and expectations which place them in the role of caregiver. The Council should call for leaders to regularly consult with, and to take on board recommendations of, women from affected communities. Protection of civilians (PoC) continues to be the first priority of the mission, as such the Security Council should inquire as to how protection measures are gender-sensitive and consider the specific protection needs of women and girls. There has been a noted increase in SGBV perpetrated by armed groups as well as State forces, and women continue to face barriers to accessing justice and reparations (CEDAW/C/COD/CO/8). It is vital that the implementation of the second NAP on Resolution 1325 (2000) is prioritized and fully funded. Women’s participation in peace negotiations remains low with a peak of 18% achieved in 2016, despite the existence of the revised NAP. resolution 2379 (2017) is an important step towards calling for accountability for crimes committed against civilians by ISIL. The Council should ensure that the Investigative Team has sufficient resources to thoroughly investigate crimes committed by all parties to the conflict. The Council should call for the expansion of current documentation and reporting requirements in the mandate to cover all gender-based crimes, including crimes against women human rights defenders, LGBTIQ persons, men and boys, and those persecuted for defying prescribed gender roles. In this regard, the Council should request an update on the implementation of the UN-Iraq Joint Communiqué on the prevention of and response to conflict-related sexual violence. The Council should also include language in the mandate calling on the Investigative Team to collaborate and consult with women’s civil society organizations to ensure their meaningful access to justice. The Council should further call on the Investigative Team and the Government to work with women’s civil society to ensure survivors have access to support services and to pass the draft Family Violence Protection law. S/RES/2434 (2018), OP 4). The Council should add additional provisions that require UNSMIL to prioritize all activities related to the protection and promotion of women’s rights and support for active participation in political processes as fundamental to ensuring long-term sustainable peace. The recent sharp escalation of the situation in Libya is causing more restrictions to women’s movement; SGBV, including sexual torture against refugees and migrants, is widespread. The Security Council must demand an immediate and unconditional ceasefire and ensure all civilians and civilian objects are protected in accordance with international humanitarian law (IHL). The Council should support actions to hold accountable those parties from all sides of the conflict that use violence to influence State institutions, commit serious human rights violations and exploit detainees in official and unofficial places of detention. The Council should further call on UNSMIL to investigate and document all ongoing violations and possible war crimes committed in Libya, including extrajudicial killings, torture, rape and targeting of civilians and civilian objects. It is essential that there is systematic consultation with women and women’s organizations from diverse perspectives, including youth and Indigenous groups, across UNSMIL’s entire work. Public space for women to voice their opinions and take an active role in the political and peacebuilding processes is rapidly shrinking amid reports of threats, intimidation and violence. The Council should call on UNSMIL to work with Libyan authorities to ensure the protection and support of women, including human rights defenders, to participate actively in public space without the fear of reprisal. The Council should ensure that an effective and coordinated gender-sensitive strategic approach for security sector reform, quality services for survivors of SGBV and disarmament, are a priority. AI). Relatedly, new evidence from the country shows that “war crimes and other serious human rights violations” continue to be committed by armed forces in Darfur and now in Khartoum, including the destruction of at least 45 villages, unlawful killings, and SGBV. Despite weaknesses in the implementation of its mandate to protect civilians in Darfur, not least owing to access restrictions imposed by the Government, there is support amongst Sudanese civil society for the continued presence of UNAMID with a strong PoC mandate that prioritizes women and girls. The security situation in Darfur remains concerning; armed groups continue to operate, civilians continue to be at risk, and although there has been some success with regards to disarmament, the flow of arms fueling the conflict continues unabated. Further, as UNAMID has begun to withdraw, the Rapid Support Forces, whom have a track record of committing human rights violations, have taken over the remaining bases. The Council must proceed with caution when considering any further drawdown; the current dynamics constitute an unprecedented situation that has the potential to reverse progress. It is important that the Council consider halting the drawdown during the current transitional period, as well as undertake ongoing, gender-sensitive conflict and situation analysis to inform any decisions.