In their discussion of the report of the Secretary-General on migrant smuggling and trafficking in Libya, as well as in any additional relevant discussion in the context of other country or thematic agenda items, it is imperative that Council members have an understanding of the way in which gender factors into individuals’ experience with, and role in migrant smuggling and trafficking in order to better shape policy recommendations and interventions. Discussion and reporting should integrate gender analysis, reflecting previous Council statements regarding the particular impact of trafficking on women and girls (S/PRST/2015/25), by discussing the range of human rights abuses, including sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), experienced by migrants, as well as the ways in which women are recruited, coerced, and employed in smuggling and trafficking operations. Additionally, if the information is not provided, the Council should request specific information and analysis on the way in which women are currently participating in efforts to combat and reduce smuggling and trafficking (SCR 2106 (2013), OPs 11, 16).
Further, the Council should call for explicit, detailed commitments from the UN and Member States to protect all displaced women and girls from gender-based violence, while in transit and upon reaching destinations, and, as part of a multi-sectoral approach, in consultation with women’s civil society organizations, access to comprehensive reproductive health, psychosocial, legal, and other multi-sectoral services (SCR 2106 (2013) and SCR 2122 (2013)) for smuggled and trafficked women and girls. Member States should advance effective asylum and legal protection mechanisms in domestic migration management policies to mitigate the risks of women and girls to smuggling, trafficking, and SGBV, while encouraging reforms of national, gender discriminatory laws and regulations that impede women’s full equality in accessing basic rights and services (SCR 2106 (2013), OP 2), including the right to confer nationality to their children and spouses.