For March, in which China has the presidency of the UN Security Council, the MAP provides recommendations on Colombia, DRC, Somalia, and South Sudan.
CEDAW/C/COD/CO/8). A draft law on reparations for victims of SGBV lapsed last year and women’s civil society have not been consulted on any further legislative efforts to address the gaps in victim reparations (Madre). In 2019, the UN SRSG on Sexual Violence in Conflict visited centers in DRC that provide medical and psychological care to survivors of SGBV (MONUSCO). Civil society organizations reported to her that “sexual violence continues to be systematically planned to destroy women” and victims in remote areas lack access to services” (SRSG on SVC). There is an urgent need to address the lack of timely and adequate multi-sectoral assistance for survivors of SGBV, including medical and psychosocial assistance and legal support. The lack of a legal framework criminalizing intimate partner violence and marital rape has implications for addressing conflict-related SGBV as survivors/victims can face violence from perpetrators in various settings (CEDAW/C/COD/CO/8). The Council should request updates from senior leadership on MONUSCO’s efforts to address this issue, including specifically the extent to which the mission has consulted with, or plans to consult with, women’s civil society organizations in supporting the Government to pass a comprehensive reparations law that eliminates barriers to reparations for survivors/victims of SGBV, ensuring full compliance with court-ordered reparations and assisting the Government to add intimate partner violence and marital rape into its penal code. Further, the Council should request updates on the extent to which MONUSCO is supporting local women’s groups and the Government in providing services to address SGBV, including comprehensive medical, psychosocial, legal and socioeconomic assistance which is inclusive of persons with disabilities and LGBTIQ+ people (CEDAW/C/COD/CO/8).
- Require UNSOM to ground their support for the forthcoming elections and constitutional review process, strengthening the rule of law and security sector reform (SSR), and addressing corruption in intersectional, gender-sensitive analysis developed and executed with the input from regular, ongoing consultation with diverse civil society organizations, including women’s groups (S/RES/2461 (2019), OP 4). Language regarding consultations with civil society organizations that was removed in 2019 should be replaced.
- As per the recommendations from the August 2019 civil society briefer, Amina Arale, add language in UNSOM’s mandate that calls for the mission to establish a protection mechanism to ensure women candidates can campaign without restriction or violence, and support women’s meaningful participation in the forthcoming elections as candidates, voters, and poll workers, including by ensuring their safety (S/RES/2408 (2018), OPs 2, 4, 21).
- Add language in UNSOM’s mandate calling on the mission to ground its support for efforts to counter terrorism and prevent violent extremism in intersectional gender-sensitive conflict analysis which identifies root causes of insecurity and conflict, including various forms of inequality and exclusion, and further call on all actors to ensure implementation does not undermine the human rights of women civil society leaders and HRDs, and prevent diverse civil society organizations from operating effectively (S/RES/2461 (2019), OP 15).
- Add language calling on SSR efforts to not only be inclusive, but also grounded in protection and promotion of human rights and support civil society efforts to monitor and hold accountable security institutions for their obligations in that respect. Further, diverse civil society organizations (CSOs), including women’s groups should be actively consulted in the course of SSR (S/RES/2461 (2019), OP 11).
- Add language noting the particular impact forced evictions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has on diverse women and girls, including women and girls with disabilities, due to the increased risk of violence, including SGBV, and call on stakeholders to ensure efforts to respond to the humanitarian crisis are gender-sensitive (S/RES/2461 (2019), OP 19).
- Add language calling on the Government to ensure its implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and related national laws, are gender-sensitive and inclusive of groups led by women and girls with disabilities (S/RES/2461 (2019), OP 20).
- Add language calling on UNSOM and relevant actors to mainstream intersectional gender-sensitive analysis in its risk assessments related to preventing conflict and violence, including in those undertaken as part of addressing the link between the climate crisis and potential insecurity (S/RES/2461 (2019), OP 21). S/RES/2459 (2019), OP 7(a)(i),(v),(vi), (vii), 7(b)(ii), 17, 18). In the context of ongoing efforts to restrict civil society space, and challenges facing local women’s CSOs, the Council should ensure it clearly and unambiguously expresses its support for the equal and meaningful participation of diverse women’s CSOs in all work carried out by UNMISS, as well as by the Government in the transitional process, including all peace and political processes, freely, without interference or violence and in line with required quotas for women’s representation. Further, the Council should:
- Explicitly mandate that UNMISS systematically and meaningfully consult, engage, and partner with diverse women’s CSOs in carrying out its PoC activities (S/RES/2459 (2019), OPs 4, 7), efforts to prevent and end SGBV (OPs 7(a)(v), 20), facilitate confidence-building and mediation efforts (OPs 7(a)(vi), 15) in humanitarian response (OPs 7(a)(ii),(viii)), in SSR processes (OPs 7(a)(iii),(vi)) and in eradicating the spread of SALW (OP 30).
- Call for UNMISS and regional actors to ensure efforts to monitor the transitional process include, as indicators of progress, reduction in violations of women’s human rights, including SGBV, and expansion of civil society space, including for women’s CSOs and women HRDs.
- Call on all UN entities to ensure humanitarian assistance efforts are gender-sensitive and grounded in intersectional gender-sensitive conflict analysis.
- Add language calling on SSR processes to not only be inclusive and gender-sensitive, but also grounded in protection and promotion of human rights and support civil society efforts to monitor and hold security institutions accountable.
- Add a provision to UNMISS’ mandate calling on the mission to ensure its support for the implementation of the Revitalized Agreement and peace process prioritizes support for mainstreaming gender throughout all discussions and ensuring the equal and meaningful participation of women in all aspects of the process.