Current and Past Recommendations to the UN Security Council (Monthly Action Points)
South Sudan (January 2019) The Security Council should ensure that gender is mainstreamed across all discussions of the situation in South Sudan. As implementation of the IGAD-facilitated Revitalized Peace Agreement proceeds, the increased role of women in all aspects of the process must be addressed with greater urgency. The Council must call on parties to engage with civil society organizations and commit to meeting the 35% quota for women’s representation in the pre- transition committee as well as all other implementation mechanisms during the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity. Thus far, only one committee has met or exceeded the quota:
43% of the participants on the Ceasefire Transitional Security Arrangement Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (CTSAMVM) are women.
10% of the participants on the National Pre-Transitional Committee (NPTC) are women.
13% of the participants on the National Constitutional Amendment Committee (NCAC) are women.
17% of the participants on the Strategic Defense and Security Review Board (SDSSRB) are women.
0% of the participants on the Joint Transitional Security Committee (JTSC) are women.
0% of the participants on the Joint Defense Board (JDB) are women.
SGBV continues to be a key concern in South Sudan; a way in which the Government should address SGBV is by implementing the signed joint communique on the prevention of conflict-related sexual violence. Further, there must be improved protection and security measures for women and girls, both within and outside of protection of civilian (PoC) sites. In PoC sites, women’s access to resources and food security is inexorably linked with their physical security. The mission should therefore take effective steps to prevent violence and reduce protection risks for women, particularly through livelihoods patrols, protective accompaniment, sensitization campaigns and establishment of safe areas. The Council should acknowledge that deteriorating food insecurity across the country and the lack of water and sanitation resources are further exacerbating the humanitarian crisis.