Women in Haiti face extreme levels of poverty caused by years of violent conflicts, chronic political and economic instability, and multiple natural disasters. This poverty leaves them especially exposed to sexual violence and exploitation, historically exacerbated by ineffective reporting mechanisms, lack of human rights support, and exploitation and abuse perpetrated United Nations Peacekeepers. After a UN investigation into claims of sexual exploitation and abuse, several peacekeepers were repatriated, but reporting such abuse remains difficult and infrequent. Haiti ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and has officially criminalized rape but bills to further criminalize broader violations against women have gotten little parliamentary traction in the climate of political instability. Less than two per cent of Haitian women have education beyond high-school and women’s participation in the political process remains incredibly low; in the elections of August 2015, only eight per cent of candidates were women, despite a 30 per cent quota (Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti).