For April, in which Germany has the presidency of the UN Security Council, the MAP provides recommendations on the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Haiti, Syria, Western Sahara, and the forthcoming open debate on women, peace and security.
S/RES/2410 (2018), OP 17), and further include a new provision calling for MINUJUSTH and the Government to prioritize engagement with women’s CSOs in all security and development processes. The Council should call for MINUJUSTH to support efforts which address gaps in accountability for SGBV, including the April 2017 criminal code reform; ensure gender-sensitive rule of law institution-building; and address ongoing human rights abuses. The Council should also call on MINUJUSTH to build the capacity of local organizations and urge the Government to ensure gender-sensitive services for survivors of SGBV and sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) by UN peacekeepers, and to establish transparent, survivor-centered, readily accessible mechanisms to hear claims for remedies. MINUJUSTH should further monitor the UN’s compliance with the Status of Forces Agreement, Haitian law, and UN’s policies on the facilitation of child support claims arising out of SEA and on the provision of material assistance to victims and their children. The Council should call on MINUJUSTH to monitor the implementation of the UN’s New Approach to Cholera (A/71/620) and ensure that the ‘material assistance package’ is gender-sensitive and developed with the full participation of women.S/RES/2139 (2014)).S/RES/2242 (2015)). Further, the Council should call on the SRSG on Sexual Violence in Conflict to brief the Committee. Additional steps the Council could take include requesting that Committee’s discussions on humanitarian exemption are time-bound and members of the Committee meet more frequently to examine humanitarian issues with a view to expediting the process. The Committee should continue to seek feedback from Member States, UN agencies and humanitarian organizations applying for exemptions under the terms of the IAN No. 7 guidelines and work to streamline and simplify the application process, including by providing greater flexibility regarding the technical specifications of planned shipments, the parties involved, and the frequency of requests. Further, the Council could consider modifying sanctions in an effort to encourage more substantial diplomatic engagement with the DPRK. Finally, the Council should discuss the negative effects of sanctions on the humanitarian situation in the DPRK including by requesting more information on humanitarian exemptions from OCHA and adding a humanitarian expert to the panel of experts.PK/G/2018.01). The establishment of this function will ensure that MINURSO can fulfill the standard functions of peacekeeping, including monitoring, evaluating, and reporting on local developments through the appointment of personnel responsible for civil affairs who work systematically and directly with concerned communities. The Council should include new language which emphasizes the importance of women’s participation and the protection and promotion of women’s rights (S/RES/2242 (2015); CEDAW/C/GC/30; CCPR/C/MAR/CO/6).
- Justice and accountability efforts, including reparations processes, must be survivor-centered, victim-informed, inclusive, and non-discriminatory. They must be designed, implemented, and monitored in partnership with survivors and victims in order to avoid replicating harm, minimize risk, promote recovery and address drivers of SGBV, such as harmful social norms. Access to services and care to survivors and victims, as a central obligation of Member States, should be guaranteed without discrimination. Furthermore, civil society organization (CSOs), particularly women’s groups that fill gaps in state-provided services, should be allowed to operate without restrictions.
- Prevention of conflict and violence, including SGBV, should be a priority. Prevention encompasses efforts to address the underlying causes of conflict and instability and ensure policymaking and programming is grounded in gender-sensitive conflict analysis. A key contributor to instability and violence is the illicit trade of small arms and light weapons (SALW); States must uphold their obligations to stem the illicit flow of SALW, including by implementing international commitments, such as the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).
- Women civil society leaders, politicians, activists and human rights defenders play critical roles in advancing peace and security, yet they are often at particular risk or targeted for violence. They should be supported through financial and political means at national and local levels, to ensure they can continue their work.
- Given the complementary nature of related processes across the UN system, it is essential to embed and mainstream core WPS commitments across other relevant processes, including the reporting on the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), Universal Periodic Review, Voluntary National Reviews in the context of the 2030 Agenda, preventing violent extremism strategies, and action plans on SALW. It is also essential that national action plans and other frameworks on WPS, when adopted and implemented, include comprehensive, results-oriented and intersectional indicators to monitor progress, with allocated human and financial resources.
- In the context of humanitarian crisis, it is critical that all stakeholders support the meaningful participation of women and adolescent girls in all their diversity, in the development, implementation, and monitoring of policies and programs in humanitarian action. All stakeholders should be called on to engage with women’s rights actors as expert frontline service providers who fill service gaps before, during and after crises.