For May, in which Poland has the presidency of the UN Security Council, the MAP provides recommendations on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya, Somalia, Sudan (Abyei), Counterterrorism, and Protection of civilians.
S/RES/2395 (2017)). In taking a gender-sensitive approach to its work, the committees must recognize the impacts of counterterrorism efforts on women’s human rights and women’s organizations and ensure that they encourage Member States to protect WPS policies and programs so that they remain tools for achieving women’s rights as a standalone goal, rather than as a means to achieve national security objectives. As such, Member States should ensure efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism follow well-evidenced peacebuilding and human rights-based approaches, respect the rule of law and work from the basis that women’s rights and fundamental freedoms of all communities are the foundation of sustainable, genuine peace (S/RES/2395 (2017)). Member States must also guarantee that counterterrorism policies and programs are comprehensive and grounded in analysis of gendered power relations, and are fully funded without undermining WPS efforts.S/2018/128, S/2017/963), despite the fact that women’s participation in the political process is repeatedly emphasized as imperative to ensuring a successful election, and should be addressed as part of broader efforts to implement the WPS agenda (CEDAW/C/COD/CO/6-7). Civil society organizations (CSOs), including women’s groups, have raised significant concerns regarding the newly signed electoral law, which contravenes the full parity enshrined in the Constitution and could result in indirect discrimination because of the associated fees and experience requirements. In addition, women faced several challenges when registering to vote, including documented cases of rape by national police force officers assigned to registration centers (S/2017/824). Accordingly, the Council should take steps to ensure women have access to polls on election day, this includes addressing security threats.S/RES/2376 (2017), OP 4), as well as UNSMIL’s Action Plan for Libya. Updates regarding UNSMIL’s efforts to support the Government in ensuring women’s participation in the planning for future elections, electoral reform, democratic transition, national conferences, disarmament and arms control, conflict resolution, peacebuilding, and peace processes, as well as efforts to engage with women’s CSOs and protect women’s rights (S/RES/2323 (2016); CEDAW/C/LBY/CO/5) should be provided. Further, the Council should call for information on Government efforts to curb the flow of small arms, including by ratifying the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) and enforcing national laws and regulations.
- Urge humanitarian and development organizations, peace operations and other relevant staff to take action to prevent SEA, including vetting, robust pre-deployment and in-theatre awareness training and ensuring compliance.
- Ensure that gender-sensitive POC is done in cooperation with humanitarian actors and with respect for humanitarian principles and international human rights law. Humanitarian organizations must be able to access women to deliver services and assistance, and women must be able to move freely to access humanitarian services and assistance. Furthermore, full funding of the Humanitarian Response Plans for the countries in conflict, especially the Gender-based Violence (GBV) cluster, is of utmost importance.
- Encourage host Governments to develop and implement nationally owned multi-sectoral strategies for preventing and responding to SGBV including effective access to justice.
- Ensure peace operations and other UN missions are fully staffed – comprising appropriately graded gender advisers – and sufficiently resourced to fulfil the gendered elements of their mandates.
- Urge relevant regional and/or sub-regional bodies to develop and implement policies, activities and advocacy for the benefit of women and girls affected by armed conflict.
- Urge Member States to identify and regulate the influx of small arms and light weapons (SALW), including by establishing national mechanisms for rigorous, transparent, and gender-sensitive risk assessments of international transfers and export licenses, developed in full consultation with CSOs, and denying arms sales or transfers authorization wherein arms use risk contravening the ATT.