September 3, 2020
February 4, 2020
January 12, 2020
December 9, 2019
As the Security Council renews the mandate of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), the human rights and humanitarian situation, particularly outside the capital, Bangui, continues to worsen. It is imperative that human rights monitoring continues, and that individuals and entities that violate human rights and undermine peace, stability, and security are brought to justice. The Security Council should expand upon the existing women, peace and security (WPS) provisions in the mandate (S/RES/2387 (2017), OPs 42, 43, 51) in order to more effectively address the situation in the Central African Republic (CAR). Specifically, the Council should:
The Council should further call on the Government to update its National Action Plan on WPS through a consultative process that includes the participation of women’s groups and ensures there is both political support and financing for implementation of any updated plan. Additionally, in the context of the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation in CAR and the work of the Panel of Facilitators, the Council is urged to include new language calling on these processes to be inclusive, with special attention given to the participation of women (S/RES/2387 (2017), OPs 3, 4). Finally, particularly concerning is the lack of any reference to the ongoing threats and violence targeting civil society leaders, including women and HRDs. The Council should include new language in the resolution that condemns these acts and calls for protection of civil society space, in line with resolutions adopted on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, and Burundi. Despite the requirement to mainstream gender across all components of the mandate, analysis of past reports of the Secretary-General show that there is a lack of implementation. The Security Council should therefore provide clear instructions on how to integrate gender as a cross-cutting issue.