2023 Open Letter to Permanent Representatives to the United Nations in advance of the annual Open Debate on Women, Peace and Security

This open letter, available in Arabic, English, French, Spanish and Russian, was sent to all UN Member States on behalf of 617 civil society signatories across 100 countries in advance of the October 2023 Security Council Open Debate on Women, Peace and Security. The letter calls on the UN, Security Council and Member States to take action to ensure women’s full, equal, meaningful and safe participation in all aspects of peace and security.

Dear Ambassadors,

We write to you ahead of this year’s annual Open Debate on Women, Peace and Security (WPS) to urge you to take action to realize the foundational demand of Resolution 1325 (2000)—ensuring women’s full, equal and meaningful participation in peacemaking.

For nearly 25 years, the Security Council, the UN and Member States have pledged their support for women’s full, equal, meaningful and safe participation in peace and security. Yet women’s rights today are under ceaseless attack in contexts marked by intensifying conflict, rising authoritarianism, militarization and backlash. Women’s participation in peace processes remains unacceptably low, and is decreasing even in UN-supported peace processes. Meanwhile the credibility of the UN and the Security Council to protect and uphold these rights has been fundamentally shaken by growing geopolitical divides and the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Without principled and decisive action to protect women’s rights and ensure their full, equal and meaningful participation in all aspects of peace and security, we not only risk entrenchment of patriarchal norms, but jeopardize any chance of sustainable peace.

We therefore call on you to demand, and to support, the full, equal, meaningful and safe participation and leadership of the women of Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Ukraine, Western Sahara, Yemen and all other crises on the Security Council’s agenda, in accordance with the standards set by the WPS agenda, in ending conflict and building peace in their countries.

We take this opportunity to remind you of these standards and urge you to uphold them:[1]

“Full”: Full participation requires politically supporting and fully resourcing inclusion of diverse women at all levels and stages of decision-making, in all contexts, from beginning to end.[2] This means women’s participation in all aspects of peace and security, including the design and implementation of all peace processes, the development and monitoring of all agreements, political processes, humanitarian delivery, constitution-building, economic development, transitional justice, post-conflict reconstruction, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) processes and security sector reform (SSR) processes. The Security Council must demand and ensure women’s full, equal and meaningful participation, in line with Resolution 1325 (2000) and all other WPS resolutions, in all conflicts and crises on its agenda. Further, it should demand that the UN adopt and implement a principled and consistent approach to women’s rights and women’s participation across all its work, without exception.

“Equal”: Achieving equal representation means taking all possible steps to support diverse women’s participation in all peace and security processes with the target of 50 percent. While women’s participation at all levels of decision-making must be supported, we urge the Security Council, UN and all Member States to publicly and robustly support, and to prioritize, women’s equal, direct and influential participation in formal Track 1 or high-level peace and political processes, where it is most glaringly lacking. This must include meaningful representation of women human rights defenders, peacebuilders and feminist movements. Quotas for women’s participation must be enforced, non-transferrable and publicly advocated for by all actors. Additional specific and targeted measures must be implemented to dismantle structural barriers and ensure that women, in all their diversity, are able to participate on an equal footing as experts and leaders.

“Meaningful”: Meaningful participation means direct, substantive and formal inclusion of diverse women and feminist perspectives to influence the design and the outcome of negotiations, across all issues, as well as their implementation. Failure to uphold women’s right to equal participation, even in conflict-affected situations, undermines the UN Charter, contravenes international human rights and humanitarian law, and jeopardizes sustainable peace.[3] Superficial, last-minute, informal, advisory or other observer status without the opportunity to directly influence decisions and outcomes is not meaningful. We urge Member States to demand that the equal, direct and influential participation of women is a standard requirement across all UN-supported peace processes or convenings. No Member State nor the UN should endorse, facilitate or support peace processes where women are not meaningfully represented. This would send an unequivocal message to conflict parties that international backing is not possible without respect for women’s rights.

“Safe”: Participating safely requires enforcing a zero-tolerance approach to any form of attack, intimidation, retaliation or reprisal against diverse women for their political participation, human rights and humanitarian work, peacebuilding activities or cooperation with UN mechanisms, including the Security Council. Member States and UN leadership must, first and foremost, ensure a safe and enabling environment for civil society in which women human rights defenders, peacebuilders and civil society leaders are protected, supported and their legitimacy is recognized, and eliminate any restrictions or barriers to their work. Further, Member States and the UN must swiftly and publicly condemn any attacks against women human rights defenders, peacebuilders and civil society, hold perpetrators accountable, and, most importantly, take all necessary measures to protect the lives of those at risk. The UN has a critical role to play in this regard—we urge you to call on the UN system to not only thoroughly monitor and report on attacks and violence against women activists, but also provide systematic and scaled-up support to prevent and respond to such violence; so should all peace operations, in accordance with their mandates to protect civilians and promote human rights.[4] Risks and protection must never be used to limit women’s participation or undermine the independent selection or views of civil society, and resources and explicit political support must be mobilized to enable women to participate safely.

In all conflicts and crises, the international community’s uncompromising support for women’s human rights must be matched by unequivocal demands for women’s meaningful participation.

Women’s rights cannot wait.


  1. NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security (NGOWG) – Global
  2. Amnesty International (AI) – United Kingdom, Global
  3. Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR) – United States, Global
  4. Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights (CGSHR) – United States, Global
  5. Global Justice Center (GJC) – United States, Global
  6. Global Network of Women Peacebuilders (GNWP) – United States, Global
  7. Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict (GPPAC) – Netherlands, Global
  8. Human Rights Watch (HRW) – United States, Global
  9. International Alert (IA) – United Kingdom, Global
  10. MADRE – United States, Global
  11. Nobel Women’s Initiative (NWI) – Canada, Global
  12. Outright International – United States, Global
  13. Refugees International (RI) – United States, Global
  14. Women Enabled International (WEI) – United States, Global
  15. Women for Women International (WfWI) – United States, Global
  16. Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) – Global
  17. Women’s Refugee Commission (WRC) – Global
  18. ABAAD-Resource Center for Gender Equality – Lebanon, Global
  19. رابطة أمهات المختطفين (Abductees’ Mothers Association) (AMA) – Yemen
  20. منظمة عبس التنموية للمراة والطفل (Abs Development Organization for Woman and Child) (ADO) – Yemen
  21. Access Reproductive Justice (ACCESS RJ) – United States
  22. ACT Alliance – Global
  23. Action des Volontaires pour la Solidarité et le Développement (AVSD) – Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
  24. Action for Community Transformation (ACT) – Liberia
  25. Action for Conflict Resolution (ACR) – South Sudan
  26. Action for Girls and Women Survival – Liberia
  27. Action Girls Africa (AGA) – South Sudan
  28. Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) – United Kingdom
  29. ActionAid – South Africa, Global
  30. ActionAid Ireland (AAIre) – Ireland
  31. Actions de Protection Mère et Enfant (APME) – DRC
  32. Actions pour la Lutte Contre les Injustices Sociales (ALCIS) – DRC
  33. Addu Women’s Association (AWA) – Maldives
  34. Afghan Refugees Solidarity Association (ARSA) – Turkey
  35. Afghanistan Justice Organization (AJO) – Afghanistan
  36. Afghanistan Rights Watch (ARW) – Afghanistan
  37. African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies (ACDHRS) – Gambia
  38. African Women and Youth Action for Development (AWYAD) – Uganda
  39. African Women Leaders Network, Liberia Chapter (AWLN/Liberia) – Liberia
  40. Afrihealth Optonet Association (AHOA) – Nigeria, Global
  41. Afrikagrupperna – Sweden
  42. Agora – Mexico
  43. Albanian Society for All Ages (ASAG) – Albania, Global
  44. All India Women’s Conference (AIWC) – India
  45. All Survivors Project (ASP) – Liechtenstein, Global
  46. Allamin Foundation for Peace and Development (ALFOPED) – Nigeria
  47. Alliance Congolaise pour les Foyers et Combustibles Améliorés (ACFCA) – DRC
  48. مؤسسة السناء لحقوق الانسان (Al-Sanaa Foundation for Human Rights) (SFHR) – Iraq
  49. Aotearoa New Zealand Campaign on Military Spending – New Zealand
  50. المعهد العربي لحقوق الإنسان (Arab Institute for Human Rights) (AIHR) – Global
  51. Arid Lands Development Focus (ALDEF) – Kenya
  52. Armenian Committee of Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly (HCA-Armenia) – Armenia
  53. Articulação Brasileira de Gays (ARTGAY) – Brazil
  54. Articulação Brasileira de Lésbicas (ABL) – Brazil
  55. ASAL Humanitarian Network (AHN) – Kenya
  56. Asian Muslim Action Network (AMAN) – Indonesia
  57. Asmaa Society for Development – Sudan
  58. Asociación Coordinadora de la Mujer (ACM) – Bolivia
  59. Asociación de Mujeres Afrodescenientes del Norte del Cauca (ASOM) – Colombia
  60. Asociación de Trabajadoras del Hogar a Domicilio y de Maquila (ATRAHDOM) – Guatemala
  61. Asociación Latinoamericana de Medicina Social, Red de Género (ALAMES) – Guatemala
  62. Associação Baiana de Travestis Transexuais e Transgêneros em Ação (ATRAÇÃO) – Brazil
  63. Associação Cabo-Verdianas de Luta Contra Violência Basesdo no Género (ACLCVBG) – Cabo Verde
  64. Associação Nacional de Travestis e Transexuais do Brasil (ANTRA BRASIL) – Brazil
  65. Associação para a Cooperação sobre População e Deenvolvimento (P&D Factor) – Portugal, Global
  66. Association d’Aide à l’Education de l’Enfant Handicapé (AAEEH) – France
  67. Association de Lutte Contre les Violences Sexuelles et Appui à la Promotion du Développement Durable (ALUCOVIS-APDD) – Burundi, Global
  68. Association des Cultivateurs des Collectivités de Batangi et Bamate (ACUCOBA) – DRC
  69. Association des Femmes Africaines pour la Recherche et le Développement (AFARD-MALI) – Mali
  70. Association des Femmes de l’Europe Méridionale (AFEM) – France
  71. Association Development by Young People (ADYP) – Burkina Faso
  72. Association Djazairouna des Familles Victimes du Terrorisme – Algeria
  73. Association du Développement et de la Promotion de Droit de l’Homme (ADPDH) – Mauritania
  74. Association Femmes et Initiatives pour le Développement (FID) – Mali
  75. Association for Farmers Rights Defense (AFRD) – Georgia, Global
  76. Association for Progressive Communications (APC) – Global
  77. الجمعية الوطنية المرأة في اتصال (Association Nationale Femmes en Communication) (FEC) – Algeria
  78. Association of War Affected Women (AWAW) – Sri Lanka, Global
  79. Asuda for Combating Violence Against Women (ASUDA) – Iraq
  80. Australian Civil Society Coalition on Women Peace and Security – Australia
  81. Australian Lawyers for Human Rights (ALHR) – Australia
  82. مؤسسة اوام التنموية الثقافية (Awam Foundation for Development and Culture) (AWAM) – Yemen
  83. AWO Arnstadt – Germany
  84. Azadi-e Zan – Australia, Global
  85. Baghdad Women Association (BWA) – Iraq
  86. Bahrain Center for Human Rights – Bahrain
  87. بيتي انا بيتك (Baite Ana Baytac) (BAB) – Syria
  88. Bana for Peace and Development – Sudan
  89. Barwaaqo Voluntary Organisation (BVO) – Somalia, Global
  90. Bella Foundation for Child and Maternal Care (BEFCAMC) – Nigeria
  91. Besme Group – Lebanon, Global
  92. Better World Organization for Community Development (BWOCD) – Iraq
  93. Beyond Beijing Committee (BBC) – Nepal
  94. BintiAfrika Konnekt (BAK) – Tanzania
  95. Blue Diamond Society (BDS) – Nepal
  96. Bolivian Women’s Efforts (BWE) – Bolivia
  97. Botswana Gender Based Violence Prevention and Support Centre (BGBVC) – Botswana, Georgia
  98. British Black Anti Poverty Network (BBAPN) – United Kingdom
  99. Brown Dog Consulting LLC (BDC) – United States, Global
  100. Building Blocks for Peace Foundation (BBFORPEACE) – Nigeria
  101. Burmese Women’s Union (BWU) – Myanmar, Thailand
  102. Caesar Families Association (CFA) – Germany, Syria
  103. CamASEAN Youth’s Future – Cambodia
  104. Cameroon Women’s Peace Movement (CAWOPEM) – Cameroon
  105. Canadian Voice of Women for Peace (VOW) – Canada
  106. Caring Hearts Liberia Inc. – Liberia
  107. CEDAW Committee of Trinidad and Tobago (CCoTT) – Trinidad and Tobago
  108. Center for Civil Society and Democracy (CCSD) – Syria
  109. Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC) – United States, Global
  110. Center for Strengthening Community Voices (CSCOV) – South Sudan
  111. Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy (CWPPP) – United States
  112. Center of International Humanitarian Law & Human Rights (ICHLHR) – Yemen
  113. Center to Assist and Protect Child Rights of Nepal (CAP-CRON) – Nepal
  114. Centre for Afghanistan Studies (CAS) – India
  115. Centre for Environment, Human Rights & Development Forum (CEHRDF) – Bangladesh, Global
  116. Centre for Feminist Foreign Policy (CFFP) – Germany
  117. Centre for Human Rights and Development (CHRD) – Mongolia
  118. Centre for Inclusive Governance, Peace and Justice (CIGPJ) – South Sudan
  119. Centre for Peacebuilding & Strategic Studies (CPSS Africa) – Kenya
  120. Centre for Social and Gender Research “New Life” – Ukraine
  121. Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR) – South Africa
  122. Centro de Estudios e Investigación sobre Mujeres (CEIM) – Spain
  123. Centro de Investigación en Género y Economía (Núcleo de Pesquisa em Gênero e Economia) (NPGE) – Brazil
  124. Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social (CIESAS) – Mexico
  125. Centro de Justicia y Paz (CEPAZ) – Venezuela
  126. Centro Ecuatoriano de Desarrollo y Estudios Alternativos (CEDEAL) – Ecuador
  127. Centro Studi Difesa Civile (CSDC) – Italy
  128. لايوجد (Cevher Organization) – Syria, Turkey
  129. cfd The Feminist Peace Organization – Switzerland
  130. Chanan Development Association (CDA) – Pakistan, Global
  131. Charitable Foundation “Unity for the Future” (UFF) – Ukraine
  132. Charity & Security Network (CSN) – United States
  133. Charity Foundation “Asarkia” – Abkhazia
  134. Chikka Federation of India – India
  135. Child Care Organization (CHICO) – South Sudan
  136. Christian Aid – United Kingdom, Global
  137. Christian Vision Organization (CVO) – South Sudan
  138. CIVICUS – South Africa, Global
  139. Clearinghouse on Women’s Issues (CWI) – United States
  140. Club des jeunes pour la vie – DRC
  141. Coalición Nacional de Mujeres del Ecuador (CNME) – Ecuador
  142. Coalition for Humanity (CH) – South Sudan
  143. Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies (CSBR) – Indonesia, Global
  144. Coast Education Centre (COEC) – Kenya
  145. Collectif des Femmes Rurales pour le Développement (COFERD) – DRC
  146. Colombia Diversa – Colombia
  147. Comité de Recherches et d’Actions Multidimensionnelles pour la Paix au Sahel (CRAM-CRAM) – Mali
  148. Common Action for Gender Development (COMAGEND) – Cameroon
  149. Community And Family Aid Foundation – Ghana
  150. Community Association for Vulnerable Persons (CAVP) – Cameroon
  151. Community Development Association (CDA) – Sudan
  152. Community Empowerment for Peace and Development West Nile (CEPADWN) – Uganda
  153. Community Empowerment Network (CENET) – Uganda
  154. Concertation des Collectifs des Associations Féminines de la région des Grands Lacs (COCAFEM/GL) – Burundi, Global
  155. Conciliation Resources – United Kingdom, Global
  156. Conflict Analysis Network (CAN) – United Kingdom
  157. Coordination des Associations et des Particuliers pour la Liberté de Conscience (CAP LC) – France, Global
  158. Corporación Conciudadanía – Colombia
  159. Corporación de Apoyo a Comunidades Populares (Codacop) – Colombia
  160. Corporación de Investigación y Acción Social y Económica (CIASE) – Colombia, Global
  161. Crown The Woman – South Sudan
  162. CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness Feminist Group (CPDE FG) – Global
  163. Cush Consulting Group – United States, Global
  164. Dali & Senda for Peace (D&SFP) – Tunisia
  165. Danish Family Planning Association (DFPA) – Denmark, Global
  166. Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) – Denmark, Global
  167. Danish Women’s Society – Denmark
  168. DefendDefenders – Uganda
  169. Defis & Objectifs Centrafrique (DOC) – Central African Republic
  170. Delawari Productions – United States
  171. Democracy Without Borders (DWB) – Ghana, Global
  172. ديموس (DemoS) – Syria
  173. Dhobley Women’s Association (DWA) – Somalia
  174. Disability People’s Forum Uganda – Uganda, Global
  175. DUKINGIRE ISI YACU – Burundi
  176. Dynamique des Femmes Juristes (DFJ) – DRC
  177. Echoes of Women in Africa Initiatives (ECOWA) – Nigeria
  178. Education Defenders Network (EDN) – Canada, Global
  179. Egale Canada – Canada, Global
  180. Empatiku Foundation – Indonesia
  181. Empowering Women and Girls Organization – South Sudan
  182. Equal Asia Foundation (Equal AF) – Thailand
  183. Equality Bahamas – Bahamas
  184. Equality Fund (EF) – Canada
  185. Equidad de Género, Ciudadanía, Trabajo y Familia – Mexico
  186. EQUITA – Slovakia
  187. Equity and Empowerment (EE) – Syria
  188. Escola de Cultura de Pau (ECP) – Spain
  189. المركز العربي الاوروبي لحقوق الانسان والقانون الدولي (European Arab Center for Human Rights and International Law) (AECHRIL) – Norway, Global
  190. European Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ECNL) – Netherlands, Global
  191. Eve Organization for Women Development (EVE) – South Sudan
  192. Eyecatcher/Shevolution Associates – United Kingdom, Global
  193. منظمة فنارات (Fanarat Organization) – Syria
  194. Farah Social Foundation (FSF) – Lebanon
  195. Faudar Rural Educational Society for Harijans – India
  196. Federation of Women Lawyers South Sudan (FIDA-SS) – South Sudan
  197. Feminist Humanitarian Network (FHN) – Global
  198. Feminist Legal Clinic Inc. (FLC) – Australia
  199. Feminist Majority Foundation – United States
  200. Femmes Burundaises pour la Paix et le Développement (BWPD) – Burundi
  201. Femmes Droits et Développement en Afrique (WILDAF) – Mali
  202. Femmes et Droits Humains (F&DH) – Mali
  203. Fiji Women’s Rights Movement (FWRM) – Fiji
  204. FL National Organization for Women (FL NOW) – United States
  205. Fondation Millennia2025 Femmes et Innovation – Belgium
  206. Fondation Nicole Ilunga (FNI) – DRC
  207. Fondazione Pangea – Italy, Global
  208. Fonds pour les Femmes Congolaises (FFC) – DRC
  209. Food4Humanity (F4H) – Yemen
  210. Fòs Feminista – United States, Global
  211. Foundation for Innovative Social Development (FISD) – Sri Lanka
  212. Franciscans International – Switzerland, Global
  213. Frauennetzwerk für Frieden e. V./Women’s Network for Peace (FNF) – Germany
  214. Freedom Now – United States, Global
  215. Front Line Defenders – Global
  216. Fundación Afrodescendiente por las Diversidades Sociales y Sexuales (SOMOS IDENTIDAD) – Colombia, Global
  217. Fundacion Arcoiris por el respeto a la diversidad sexual (FARDS) – Mexico
  218. Fundación Mujer & Mujer – Ecuador
  219. Fundacja Autonomia – Poland
  220. GALANG Philippines – Philippines
  221. GameChangers 360 – United States
  222. Gatef Organization – Egypt, Global
  223. Gender & Diversity Consulting – Austria
  224. Gender Action for Peace and Security (GAPS) – United Kingdom, Global
  225. Gender Equality Network (GEN) – Myanmar
  226. Gender Harmony Foundation (YGH) – Indonesia
  227. Gender Lab – Ghana
  228. Gender-Centru – Moldova
  229. Gender, Peace & Security – United Kingdom, Global
  230. Gender, Peace and Security Centre, Monash University (GPS Monash) – Australia
  231. Ghasin Al-Zaiton Organization for Youth (GZY) – Iraq
  232. Girl Up Chikka – India
  233. Girl Up Sony – India
  234. Giving Value to Everyone (GIVE) – Liberia
  235. GLAAD – United States
  236. Global Campaign for Equal Nationality Rights (GCENR) – Malaysia, Global
  237. Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (GCR2P) – United States
  238. Global Educational Economic and Social Empowerment (GEESE) – Pakistan
  239. Global Fund for Widows (GFW) – United States, Global
  240. Global Queer Youth Network (GQYN) – Ireland, Global
  241. Global South Coalition for Dignified Menstruation – Nepal
  242. Global Tamil Movement (GTM) – France, Global
  243. Good Health Community Programmes (GHCP) – Kenya
  244. Graduate Women International (GWI) – Switzerland, Global
  245. Graduate Women Wellington (GWW) – New Zealand
  246. Grassroot Women Network (GWN) – South Sudan
  247. Green Jinub Development (GJD) – South Sudan, Global
  248. Groupe de Réflexion et d’Initiative pour l’Avancement de la Grand’Anse (GRIAG) – Haiti
  249. Haakro Welfare Association (HWA) – Pakistan
  250. Haiti Cholera Research Funding Foundation Inc (HCRFF) – United States, Global
  251. Hands Across the Divide (HAD) – Cyprus
  252. Hargeisa Women Organization (Hawogroup) – Somalia
  253. Helen Suzman Foundation (HSF) – South Africa
  254. مساعدة المجتمعات ذات الهشاشة (Helping Vulnerable Communities Organization) (HVCO) – Sudan
  255. Herasun – Mali
  256. Héritiers de la Justice (HJ) – DRC
  257. HFX – United States
  258. HIMAYA DAEEM AATAA (HDA) – Lebanon
  259. HIV Justice Network (HJN) – Netherlands, Global
  260. Hope for the Needy Association (HOFNA) – Cameroon
  261. Hope Raisers Global Foundation (HRGF) – Nigeria, Global
  262. Hope Restoration South Sudan (HRSS) – South Sudan
  263. Hope Revival Organization (HRO) – Turkey, Syria
  264. Horn Initiatives Development Organization (HIDO) – Somalia
  265. HTOI Gender – Myanmar
  266. Human Rights Advocates (HRA) – United States
  267. Human Rights and Civic Participation Association (PaRiter) – Croatia
  268. Human Rights in China – United States, Global
  269. Human Rights Institute of South Africa (HURISA) – South Africa
  270. Human Security Collective (HSC) – Netherlands, Global
  271. Huquqyat – United Kingdom
  272. ICAN South Sudan (ICSS) – South Sudan, Uganda
  273. IDP Women Association Consent (IDPWA) – Georgia
  274. Iman Research – Malaysia
  275. Imkaan – United Kingdom
  276. Immigration Equality – United States
  277. Impact: Center against Human Trafficking and Sexual Violence in Conflict – Netherlands, Global
  278. Impunity Watch (IW) – Netherlands, Global
  279. Insituto Think Twice Brasil – Brazil
  280. Instituto Brasileiro de Transmasculinidades (IBRAT) – Brazil
  281. Internacional Feminista – Mexico
  282. International Action Network for Gender Equity & Law (IANGEL) – United States
  283. International Alliance of Women (IAW) – Switzerland, Global
  284. International Center for Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma (ICMGLT) – United States
  285. International Centre for Civil Initiatives “Our House” (ICCI “Our House”) – Belarus
  286. International Centre for Ethnic Studies, Sri Lanka (ICES) – Sri Lanka
  287. International Civil Society Action Network (ICAN) – United States, Global
  288. International Council of Women (ICW-CIF) – France, Global
  289. International Movement for Advancement of Education Culture Social & Economic Development (IMAECSED) – India, Global
  290. International Network of Liberal Women – Netherlands, Global
  291. International Peace Bureau (IPB) – Germany, Global
  292. International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) – United Kingdom, Global
  293. International Presentation Association (IPA) – Ireland, Global
  294. International Service for Human Rights (ISHR) – Switzerland, Global
  295. International Women’s Fund Azerbaijan (IWFA) – Azerbaijan, Global
  296. Ipas – Global
  297. Iraqi Minorities Council (IMC) – Iraq
  298. شبكة النساء العراقيات (Iraqi Women Network) (IWN) – Iraq
  299. ISOKO Partners for Peace and Gender Equality – United States, Global
  300. Jacqui True, Professor at Monash University, Expert on Women, Peace and Security
  301. Jusoor Center for Studies and Development – Libya
  302. Just Associates (JASS) – Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras
  303. Just Like My Child Foundation (JLMC) – Uganda, Global
  304. Justicia, Derechos Humanos y Género – Mexico
  305. Kachin Women’s Association Thailand (KWAT) – Thailand
  306. Kalkal Human Rights Development Organization (KAHRDO) – Somalia, Global
  307. Karama – Egypt, Jordan
  308. Karen Women’s Organization (KWO) – Myanmar, Thailand
  309. Karenni National Women’s Organization (KNWO) – Myanmar, Thailand
  310. Karima Bennoune, Lewis M. Simes Professor, University of Michigan Law School and Former UN Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights
  311. Kayan Women’s Organization (KyWO) – Myanmar, Thailand
  312. Khulumani Support Group – South Africa
  313. Koneta Hub – South Sudan, Global
  314. Kuki Women’s Human Rights Organization (KWHRO) – Myanmar
  315. KULU – Women and Development (KULU) – Denmark
  316. La Verità Onlus – International Diplomacy (VOID) – Italy, Global
  317. Lahu Women’s Organization (LWO) – Myanmar, Thailand
  318. Lanka Fundamental Rights Organization (LFRO) – Sri Lanka
  319. Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy (LCNP) – United States
  320. Lawyers for Justice in Libya (LFJL) – Libya
  321. Legal Awareness for Nigerian Women – Nigeria
  322. Liberty and Equality Advancement Foundation-Afghanistan (LEAF-A) – United States, Global
  323. Ligue pour la Solidarité Congolaise (LSC) – DRC
  324. Lulu Care South Sudan (LCSS) – South Sudan
  325. Lutheran World Federation (LWF) – Switzerland, Global
  326. Make Mothers Matter (MMM) – France, Global
  327. Manzil Organization Balochistan (MOB) – Pakistan
  328. Marchons Ensemble et Surement dans l’Assistance Scolaire et Humanitaire (MESAS) – DRC
  329. مؤسسة فتيات مارب (Marib Girls Foundation) (MGF) – Yemen
  330. MARTA Centre – Latvia
  331. منظمة مزايا النسائية (Mazaya) – Syria
  332. Men’s Association for Gender Equality Sierra Leone (MAGE SL) – Sierra Leone
  333. MenEngage Global Alliance – United States, Global
  334. Mercy Without Limits (MWL) – Turkey
  335. Mesa Amplia de Profesores y Porfesoras de Universidades Públicas (MANPUP) – Colombia
  336. Mile Organization for Environmental Protection (MILE) – Iraq
  337. Milgo Initiative Organization (MNO) – Somalia
  338. Mina’s List – United States
  339. Mines Action Canada (MAC) – Canada
  340. Mitini Nepal – Nepal
  341. MOSAIC MENA – Lebanon
  342. Mother and Children Development Aid (MACDA) – South Sudan
  343. Mother of Hope Cameroon (MOHCAM) – Cameroon
  344. Možnosť voľby/Freedom of Choice (MV/FoC) – Slovakia
  345. MPact Global Action – United States, Global
  346. Mujeres en Zona de Conflicto (MZC) – Spain
  347. Murna Foundation (MF) – Nigeria
  348. Muwatin Media Network – United Kingdom
  349. Namibia Diverse Women’s Association (NDWA) – Namibia
  350. Nasaem Khair (NKO) – Turkey, Global
  351. الجمعية الوطنية لتمكين الاسرة (National Association for Family Empowerment) (NAFE) – Jordan
  352. National Campaign for Sustainable Development Nepal (NACASUD) – Nepal
  353. National Organization for Women (NOW) – United States
  354. National Relief and Development Corps (NRDC) – South Sudan
  355. National Women Empowerment and Rehabilitation Organisation (NWERO) – South Sudan
  356. Natracare – United Kingdom
  357. Nazra for Feminist Studies – MENA
  358. Network for Women’s Rights in Ghana (NETRIGHT) – Ghana
  359. Общественная организация “Взаимодействие” (NGO Interaction) – Moldova
  360. NGO “Women Association Sphere” – Ukraine
  361. Nonviolent Peaceforce (NP) – Switzerland, Global
  362. Nordic Women Mediators DK (NWM-DK) – Denmark
  363. NOVE Caring Humans (NCH) – Italy
  364. Observatorio de Género y Equidad (OGE) – Chile
  365. غصن زيتون (Olive Branch) (OB) – Turkey
  366. Operation 1325 – Sweden
  367. Organisation Paysanne pour le Développement Durable (OPDD) – DRC
  368. Organization for Policy Research and Development Studies (DROPS) – Canada
  369. Pa-O Women’s Union (PWU) – Myanmar, Thailand
  370. Pacific Women Mediators Network/GPPAC Pacific (PWMN) – Fiji
  371. PAIMAN Trust – Pakistan
  372. جمعية الدراسات النسوية التنموية الفلسطينية (The Palestine Developmental Women Studies Association) (PDWSA) – Palestine
  373. Palestinian Working Woman Society for Development (PWWSD) – Palestine
  374. Paradigm for Social Justice and Development (PSD) – Uganda
  375. Participatory Development Action Program (PDAP) – Bangladesh, Global
  376. Partners in Health – United States, Global
  377. Partners West Africa (PWA) – Senegal
  378. PartnersGlobal – United States, Global
  379. Pathways for Women’s Empowerment and Development/Integrated Agricultural Training Center (PaWEDIATC) – Cameroon
  380. PAX – Netherlands, Global
  381. Pax Christi USA (PCUSA) – United States
  382. Peace and Development Network Trust-Kenya (PeaceNet-Kenya) – Kenya
  383. Peace and Development Organization (PDO) – Pakistan
  384. Peace Corps Organization South Sudan (PCO-ss) – South Sudan
  385. Peace Direct (PD) – United Kingdom, Global
  386. Peace Movement Aotearoa – New Zealand
  387. Peace Track Initiative (PTI) – Yemen, Global
  388. حركة السلام الدائم (Permanent Peace Movement) (PPM) – Lebanon
  389. Phoenix Business Consulting – Ethiopia
  390. Planet Ally – Global
  391. Platform for Dialogue and Peace (P4DP) – Liberia
  392. Platform Women & Sustainable Peace (PVDV) – Netherlands
  393. PMU – Sweden
  394. Polish Migration Forum Foundation – Poland
  395. Population Aid Services (PAAS) – Somalia
  396. Portuguese Platform for Women’s Rights (Plataforma Portuguesa para os Direitos das Mulheres) (PpDM) – Portugal
  397. PRO Global/Pensioners without Borders – Sweden
  398. Professor Laura J. Shepherd, FHEA, Professor of International Relations, University of Sydney
  399. Programme Amkeni Wamama (PAMA) – DRC
  400. Programme d’Actions pour le Développement au Congo (PADCO) – DRC
  401. Progressive Voice – Myanmar
  402. Psychological Responsiveness NGO (PSR) – Mongolia, Global
  403. “Qadın və Müasir Dünya” Mərkəzi (Center “Women and Modern World”) (CWMW) – Azerbaijan, Global
  404. Q&A Management Consultancy – South Sudan
  405. Radha Paudel Foundation – Nepal
  406. Rafto Foundation for Human Rights – Norway, Global
  407. Rainbow Railroad – Canada
  408. Raise Your Voice Saint Lucia Inc (RYVSLU) – Saint Lucia
  409. Reach Out Cameroon (ROC) – Cameroon, Nigeria
  410. Red Dot Foundation – India, Global
  411. Red Hemisférica Somos Lideresas (RHSL) – Colombia
  412. Red Nacional Universitaria por la Equidad de Género en la Educación Superior UdeA (RENUEGES) – Colombia
  413. Regional Centre for International Development Cooperation (RCIDC) – Uganda
  414. Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary NGO (RSHM NGO) – United States, Global
  415. Reproaction – United States
  416. Réseau des Org Femmes du Bassin du Lac Tchad (RESOF-BLT) – Niger
  417. Réseau Femme et Dévéloppement (REFED) – DRC
  418. Réseau Femme et Développement au Nord Kivu (REFED/NK) – DRC
  419. Réseau MUSONET – Mali
  420. Réseau Ouest Africain des Defenseurs des Droits Humains (ROADDH/WAHRDN) – West Africa
  421. Réseau Ouest Africain pour l’Édification de la Paix (WANEP-Niger) – Niger
  422. Rights for Women Welfare Society (RWWS) – Bangladesh
  423. Rights Monitor – United Kingdom
  424. مؤسسة رووم لإعمار الأرض (Room Foundation) (RF) – Yemen
  425. Rural Women for Development (RWDSS) – South Sudan
  426. صدى الجنوب الاعلامية (Sada Aljanub) – Syria
  427. Saferworld – United Kingdom, Global
  428. Safety and Risk Mitigation Organization (SRMO) – Afghanistan
  429. Salam for Democracy and Human Rights (Salam DHR) – United Kingdom, Bahrain
  430. جمعية سما للتنمية (Sama for Development) (SFDO) – Lebanon
  431. Sautiya Mama Mukongomani (SMM) – DRC, Global
  432. Save the Marginalized People Organization (SMP) – South Sudan
  433. SecurityWomen – United Kingdom, Global
  434. SEEK Feminist Network – Netherlands, Global
  435. Servas International (SI) – United States, Global
  436. Shafak – Turkey
  437. Shan Women’s Action Network (SWAN) – Myanmar, Thailand
  438. She4Society Initiative – Yemen
  439. Silambam Asia (SILA) – Malaysia, Global
  440. Siren – Protectors of the Rainforest, Inc. (SirenProtect) – United States, Global
  441. Sister’s Hand Liberia (SHL) – Liberia
  442. Social Research and Development Institute (SORADI) – Somalia
  443. Society for Orphan & Neglected Youths (SONY) – India
  444. Society for the Improvement of Rural People (SIRP) – Nigeria
  445. Society for the Rights of the Excluded and Disempowered (SOREX) – Nigeria
  446. Society Of Local Volunteers’ Effort (SOLVE-Nepal) – Nepal
  447. Solidarité Féminine Pour la Paix et le Développement Integral (SOFEPADI) – DRC
  448. Somali Youth Volunteers Association (SOYVA) – Somalia
  449. Somaliland Family Health Association (SOFHA) – Somalia
  450. Somaliland National Disability Federation (SNDF) – Somalia
  451. Sonke Gender Justice – South Africa, Global
  452. Soroptimist International (SI) – United Kingdom, Global
  453. Soroptimist International Great Britain and Ireland (SIGBI) – United Kingdom, Global
  454. SOS Foundation for Development (SOSFD) – Yemen
  455. South Sudan Women with Disabilities Network (SSWDN) – South Sudan
  456. Southeastern Women Development Association (SEWODA) – Liberia
  457. التكتل النسوي الجنوبي (Southern Feminist Coalition) (SFC) – Yemen
  458. مساحة سلام (Space Of Peace) (SOP) – Syria
  459. Step Up Youth Initiative – Uganda
  460. Steps Without Borders NGO – Mongolia
  461. STEWARDWOMEN (STW) – South Sudan
  462. Stichting Female Journalists Network/Syrian Female Journalists Network (SFJN) – Syria
  463. Student Consortium on Women, Peace and Security (SCWPS) – United States
  464. Success Capital Organisation – Botswana
  465. جمعية نساء سودانيات للسلام والتنميه (Sudanese Women for Peace & Development Association) (SWPDA) – Uganda
  466. Sukaar Welfare Organization (SWO) – Pakistan
  467. Suma Veritas Foundation – Argentina
  468. Support for Women in Agriculture and Environment (SWAGEN) – Uganda
  469. Support for Women in Governance Organization (SWIGO) – South Sudan
  470. Support Women Initiative for Progress Organisation (SWIPO) – South Sudan
  471. منظمة سوار (Supporting & Empowering Women’s Advancement & Rights) (SEWAR) – Syria, Turkey
  472. سِكَك (SYCAC) – Syria
  473. Synergie des femmes pour les victimes de violences sexuelles (SFVS) – DRC
  474. رابطه الاطباء المغتربين السوريين /سيما (Syrian Expatriate Medical Association) (SEMA) – Syria
  475. التجمع النسوي السوري (Syrian Feminist Society) (SFS) – Syria
  476. Ta’ang Women’s Organization (TWO) – Myanmar, Thailand
  477. TALAY’AN NGO – Morocco
  478. تستقل (Taskatel) – Syria
  479. Tavoyan Women’s Union (TWU) – Myanmar
  480. TERRE DES FEMMES (TDF) – Germany
  481. Terre des Hommes Netherlands – Bangladesh
  482. Terre des Hommes Netherlands – Netherlands, Global
  483. Terre des Hommes Netherlands – Philippines
  484. The Big Smile Foundation – Nigeria
  485. The Canadian Federation of Business & Professional Women (BPW Canada) – Canada
  486. The Circle – United Kingdom, Global
  487. The Civic Conscious Collective (TCCC) – Sri Lanka
  488. The Gender Agency – Australia
  489. The Global Sunrise Project – Canada, Global
  490. The International Institute on Race, Equality and Human Rights – United States
  491. The Kosova Rehabilitation Center for Torture Victims (KRCT) – Kosovo
  492. The Kvinna till Kvinna Foundation – Sweden, Global
  493. The Norwegian Human Rights Fund (NHRF) – Norway, Global
  494. The Ocalenie Foundation – Poland
  495. The Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy (MIFTAH) – Palestine
  496. The Regional Coalition for Women Human Rights Defenders in Southwest Asia and North Africa (WHRDMENA) – MENA
  497. The Scottish Women’s Convention (The SWC) – United Kingdom
  498. The Shoe Project – Canada
  499. The Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA Network) – Uganda
  500. Titi Foundation (TF) – South Sudan
  501. Trócaire – Ireland, Global
  502. S. Campaign for Burma – United States
  503. Ukrainian Association for Research in Women’s History (UARWH) – Ukraine
  504. Ukrainian Women Lawyers Association “JurFem” – Ukraine
  505. Union Internationale des Avocats (UIA) – France, Global
  506. Union pour la Promotion/Protection, la Défense des Droits Humains et de l’Environnement (UPDDHE/GL) – DRC
  507. Unitarian Universalist Service Committee (UUSC) – United States, Global
  508. United Against Inhumanity (UAI) – France, Global
  509. United Children Integrated Development Action Uganda (UNCIDA) – Uganda
  510. United Nations Association – UK (UNA-UK) – United Kingdom
  511. United Nations Association, San Diego (UNA_USA, SD) – United States
  512. United Network of Young Peacebuilders (UNOY) – Netherlands, Global
  513. Universal Network for Child Defence Rights (UNCDR) – South Sudan, Global
  514. Urgent Action Fund for Feminist Activism (UAF) – United States, Global
  515. Uror Women Peacebuilding Initiative (UWPI) – South Sudan
  516. Vanuatu Human Rights Coalition (VHRC) – Vanuatu, Global
  517. Vanuatu Women Against Crime and Corruption Advocacy Group (WACC Vanuatu) – Vanuatu
  518. Vanuatu Young Women For Change (VYWC) – Vanuatu, Global
  519. Vecinas Feministas por la Justicia sexual y Reproductiva en América Latina – Latin America
  520. Venezolanas Globales – Venezuela, Global
  521. Vikas Adhyayan Kendra (VAK) – India
  522. Vision GRAM-International (VGI) – DRC, Canada
  523. VOICE – United States, Global
  524. Voice for Change (VFC) – South Sudan
  525. VWA FANM AYISYÈN (VFA) (Voice of Haitian Women) – Haiti, Global
  526. ورد البلد (Ward Albaalad) – Turkey
  527. We Effect – Sweden, Global
  528. We Women Lanka – Sri Lanka
  529. Wi’am – Palestine
  530. Widows for Peace through Democracy (WPD) – United Kingdom, Global
  531. WILPF Afghanistan – Afghanistan
  532. WILPF Australia – Australia
  533. WILPF Austria – Austria
  534. WILPF Centrafrique – Central African Republic
  535. WILPF Colombia (LIMPAL Colombia) – Colombia
  536. WILPF RDC – DRC
  537. WILPF Denmark – Denmark
  538. WILPF España – Spain
  539. WILPF Senegal – Senegal
  540. WILPF UK – United Kingdom
  541. WILPF Ukraine – Switzerland
  542. WILPF US – United States
  543. وجود للأمن الإنساني (Wogood for Human Security) (WHS) – Yemen
  544. WO=MEN Dutch Gender Platform – Netherlands
  545. Womankind Kenya (WOKIKE) – Kenya
  546. Women & Peace Studies Organization (WPSO) – Canada
  547. Women Action Society for Development Peace and Justice (WASDPJ) – South Sudan
  548. Women Adults and Youth Organizations (WAY) – Lebanon
  549. Women Against Violence and Expediency Handling Initiative (WAVEHI) – Nigeria
  550. Women Agency for Progress Organization (WAPO) – South Sudan
  551. Women and Child Rights Initiative (WCRI) – South Sudan
  552. Women and Children Legal Research Foundation (WCLRF) – Afghanistan
  553. Women and Youth Empowerment Initiative (WAYEI) – South Sudan
  554. Women Committee Access for Humanitarian Foundation (WCHF) – South Sudan
  555. Women Development and Youth Education Center (WODYEC) – Liberia
  556. Women Education and Development Organization of Liberia (WEDOL) – Liberia
  557. Women Empowerment Against Poverty of Nepal (WEAPoN) – Nepal
  558. Women Empowerment Alliance (WEA) – South Sudan
  559. Women Empowerment Centre-South Sudan (WECSS) – South Sudan
  560. Women Empowerment for Peace and Development Organisation (WEPDO-SS) – South Sudan
  561. Women for Justice (WJ) – Myanmar
  562. Women for Justice and Equality – South Sudan
  563. Women for Peace and Democracy Nepal (WPDNEPAL) – Nepal
  564. Women for Peace and Participation (WPP) – Afghanistan, Global
  565. Women for Peace and Unity Growth Initiative (WPUGI) – Nigeria
  566. Women Graduates-USA – United States, Global
  567. Women in AI – France, Global
  568. Women In Development Europe+ (WIDE+) – Belgium
  569. Women in Global Health Canada – Canada
  570. Women In International Security (WIIS) – United States, Global
  571. Women in Security Peace and Diplomacy Network (WISPAD) – Nigeria
  572. Women Media and Development (TAM) – Palestine
  573. Women NGOs Secretariat of Liberia (WONGOSOL) – Liberia
  574. Women Now for Development (WND) – Syria
  575. Women of Sudanese Civic and Political Groups (MANSAM) – Sudan
  576. Women Problems Research Union (WPRU) – Azerbaijan
  577. Women Relief Aid – South Sudan
  578. Women Vision – South Sudan
  579. Women with Disability Self Reliance Foundation (WWDSRF) – Nigeria
  580. Women Working Group (WWG) – Indonesia, Global
  581. Women’s Advisory Council of United Nations Association-UK (WAC-UNA-UK) – United Kingdom
  582. مركز شؤون المرأة_غزة (Women’s Affairs Center-Gaza) (WAC) – Palestine
  583. Women’s Alliance for Security Leadership (ICAN-WASL) – United States, Global
  584. Women’s Center for Guidance and Legal Awareness – Egypt
  585. Women’s Center for Legal Aid and Counselling (WCLAC) – Palestine
  586. Women’s Democracy Network Africa (WDN Africa) – Zimbabwe
  587. Women’s Human Rights Education Institute, Instituto DDHH Mujeres – Canada, Global
  588. Women’s International Peace Centre (WIPC) – Uganda, Global
  589. Women’s League of Burma (WLB) – Myanmar
  590. Women’s Learning Partnership (WLP)
  591. المنظمة النسائية للعدالة الانتقالية (Women’s Organization for Transitional Justice) (WOTJ) – Turkey
  592. Women’s Peace Network (WPN) – Myanmar
  593. Women’s Platform – United Kingdom
  594. Women’s Rehabilitation Center (WOREC) – Nepal
  595. Women’s Right to Education Programme (WREP) – Nigeria
  596. مركز الدراسات النسوية (Women’s Studies Centre) (WSC) – Palestine
  597. Women’s UN Report Network (WUNRN) – Global
  598. Women’s Voice in Action – United States, Global
  599. Women’s World Summit Foundation (WWSF) – Switzerland, Global
  600. Women4Nonviolence (W4NV) – Norway, Global
  601. World Federalist Movement/Institute for Global Policy (WFM/IGP) – United States, Global
  602. World Silambam Association (WSA) – Malaysia, Global
  603. World Yoga Association (WYA) – Malaysia, Global
  604. XOESE, Le Fonds pour les Femmes Francophones – Togo, Global
  605. Yemen Center for Human Rights Studies (YCHRS) – Yemen
  606. يمن فيوتشر للتنمية الثقافية والاعلامية (Yemen Future for Culture and Media Development) – Yemen
  607. منظمة مدرسة السلام (Yemen Peace School Organization) (YPS) – Yemen
  608. Young Women’s Christian Association of Bangladesh (YWCA) – Bangladesh
  609. Young Women’s Christian Association of South Sudan (YWCA) – South Sudan
  610. Youth for Human Rights International (YHRI) – Nigeria, Global
  611. Youth Leadership Development Foundation – Yemen
  612. Youth Link – South Sudan
  613. Youth Social Advocacy Team (YSAT) – Uganda
  614. Zan Times – Canada
  615. جمعية زنوبيا للمرأة السورية (Zenobia Syrian Women’s Association) – Syria
  616. ГО “Жива-Я” (Zhiva-Ya) – Ukraine
  617. Zonta International – United States, Global



[1] S/RES/1325 (2000), PPs 5, 10; S/RES/1820 (2008), PPs 10, 11; S/RES/1888 (2009), PP 14; S/RES/1889 (2009), PPs 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, OPs 1, 11; S/RES/2106 (2013), OP 1; S/RES/2122 (2013), PP 4, OPs 1, 8, 14; S/RES/2242 (2015), PPs 11, 14, OPs 1, 13, 15, 16; S/RES/2467 (2019), PPs 1, 11, 22, OPs 16, 30; S/RES/2493 (2019), PP 5, OPs 2, 3, 4, 8; S/RES/2171 (2014), PP 21, OPs 18, 19; S/RES/2419 (2018), PP 12, OP 16; S/RES/2532 (2020), OP 7; S/RES/2535 (2020), PPs 13, 17, 22; S/RES/2553 (2020), PP 8, OPs 5, 24; S/RES/2616 (2021), PP 19; S/RES/2686 (2023), PP 10, OP 5; S/RES/2558 (2020), PP 6; S/RES/1645 (2005), PP 15; S/RES/2282 (2016), PP 22, OP 21; S/RES/2417 (2018), PP 12; S/RES/2573 (2021), OP 10; S/RES/2117 (2013), PP 14, OP 12; S/RES/2220 (2015), PP 19, OP 18; S/RES/2396 (2017), OP 39; S/RES/2617 (2021), PP 36; S/RES/2665 (2022), PP 8; S/PRST/2022/5, para. 8; S/RES/2086 (2013), PP 12; S/RES/2538 (2020), PP 5; S/RES/2663 (2022), PP 19.

[2] CEDAW/C/GC/30 p. 6. Diverse women includes women from minority, ethnic and religious groups, LGBTQI+ individuals, young women, displaced and migrant women, women with disabilities, and other marginalized groups.

[3] Under the equality provisions of international human rights law, women have the right to full and equal representation, and States have a duty to guarantee that women fully exercise their human rights on an equal footing with men, free from discrimination. The binding principles of equality and nondiscrimination form the backbone of the international human rights protection system, and are enshrined in the UN Charter (including Article 1(3)), the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (including Article 2), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (including Articles 2, 3 and 25 and General Comment 28), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (including Articles 2 and 3), the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (including Articles 7 and 8), and CEDAW General Recommendations 23, 25, 28 and 30, in addition to Security Council resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1889 (2009), 2106 (2013), 2122 (2013), 2242 (2015), 2467 (2019) and 2493 (2019).

[4] Data on this violence must be disaggregated by race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender identity and disability to account for the intersectional risks faced by women and girls across different contexts, including the impact of laws, policies and norms that contribute to stigmatization or criminalization of LGBTQI+ women or impede the work of women human rights defenders in specific areas, such as sexual and reproductive health and rights.