Current and Past Recommendations to the UN Security Council (Monthly Action Points)
Yemen (July 2020) The Security Council’s discussions on the situation in Yemen have historically failed to reflect important gender dimensions of the situation, despite multiple meetings of the Security Council Informal Expert Group on WPS (S/2017/627, S/2017/1040, S/2019/253) and briefings by civil society in 2017, 2018 and 2019. The emergence of COVID-19 in the region has exacerbated the already dire humanitarian situation and fragile health infrastructure in Yemen. Fatality rates are among the highest in the region, and public health officials warn that extreme vulnerability combined with low general immunity puts Yemen at exceptional risk (OCHA). Ongoing violence in Yemen has undermined the ability of humanitarian actors to provide assistance and to respond to outbreaks of COVID-19 and other preventable diseases, resulting in increased rates of violence, including GBV. In the context of the renewal of the mandate of the UN Mission to support the Hudaydah Agreement, the Council should emphasize the urgency of upholding and supporting a sustainable and nationwide ceasefire in line with Resolution 2532 (2020), which would support viable conditions for the delivery of humanitarian aid and lead to a resumption of peace negotiations. Renewed negotiations for a political settlement, in keeping with the principles of WPS, necessitate women’s full, equal and meaningful participation, and active engagement with women and women’s organizations on the ground. The Council must continue to pressure all parties to implement the Stockholm Agreement and comply with their obligation under IHL to allow and facilitate impartial, rapid and unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance. Such assistance must be gender-responsive, take into account the needs of frontline health workers, and be developed in partnership with local civil society. It should consist of a full range of medical services, including psychosocial and sexual and reproductive health services, as well as access to legal assistance, education and employment, and other health and sanitation services before, during and after armed conflict (S/RES/2122 (2013), CEDAW/C/YEM/Q/7-8). The Council must continue to emphasize the necessity of women’s full, equal, and meaningful participation in formal peace and political processes, as well as in parallel or complementary processes taking place at the local level, and must ensure the 30% quota of women in all processes as a matter of urgency (WILPF).