Post-conflict recovery in Kosovo is dependent on inter-ethnic cooperation and the full and effective integration of women into peace and reconciliation processes. During the Kosovo War (1998-1999), approximately 20,000 women were the targets of systematic rape, and rates of sexual and gender-based violence, including domestic violence and trafficking, have remained high since the end of the crisis. Obstacles remain for survivors who seek justice— including limited freedoms, few decision-making roles held by women, and strong social stigma associated with rape.
In 2014, Kosovo incorporated the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) into its constitution, formulated domestic laws in order to comply with European Union requirements on gender equality, and set forth a National Action Plan in compliance with Resolution 1325. Unfortunately, little compliance and few enforcement mechanisms have hindered progress.
Based on the work of NGOWG members and their partners, the NGOWG urges the Security Council to address women’s unequal access to economic resources, education, public services, and post-conflict peacebuilding programs.