Current and Past Recommendations to the UN Security Council (Monthly Action Points)
Somalia (May 2021)
Gender inequality remains pervasive throughout Somalia, as Somali women gain access on average to only half the economic, political, and educational opportunities that men do and often experience discrimination or violence for pursuing formal employment (Oxfam and Save Somali Women and Children). Women continue to be excluded from decision-making processes throughout the country, despite the existence of a gender quota system in Somalia’s Parliament (Oxfam). The Security Council is expected to receive reports on the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) over the month. In its discussion, the Council should request that senior UN officials identify, discuss and reflect on their efforts to address the barriers and risks associated with women’s participation, including those brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, in line with the recommendations articulated by Ms. Amina Arale in her August 2019 briefing. These include quarantine measures, economic stressors, and the absence of essential health services, including sexual, reproductive, and psychosocial health services. In the context of planning for forthcoming elections, the Council should request that UNSOM and AMISOM assist in the construction of safe spaces for women across the country to discuss politics and social affairs, such as the recently established call center for women aspiring to become members of Parliament in Mogadishu in January. Briefings delivered by all senior UN officials must mainstream gender-sensitive analysis in updates related to conflict prevention efforts, including those undertaken to address the link between the climate crisis and violence and details regarding regular, ongoing consultations with diverse civil society organizations, including women’s groups. Finally, the Council should continue to express its support for the full implementation of the National Action Plan (NAP) on Resolution 1325 (2000) and the Sexual Offences Bill and inquire about progress.