Current and Past Recommendations to the UN Security Council (Monthly Action Points)
Colombia (March 2020)
In its discussion of the forthcoming Secretary-General’s report on the UN Verification Mission in Colombia, the Council should call on the Government to fully fund implementation of gender justice provisions and the Ethnic Chapter of the Peace Accord. The Council should request the Verification Mission for information on ways in which the Government is upholding and funding these provisions, and include data disaggregated by gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation and gender identity, and disability. The Council should ask the Government to provide a progress update on establishing and maintaining community-based and gender-responsive self-protection and early warning systems to address the presence of new armed actors and violence in territories formerly under FARC control, particularly Afro-descendant and Indigenous territories. The Council should call on the Government to implement fully security guarantees and protection efforts for women human rights defenders (HRDs), particularly those from Afro-descendant, Indigenous, and rural communities, as well as women and girls who are former combatants or formerly associated with FARC. Civil society and legal experts in Colombia report that victims confront numerous barriers to accessing and participating in the transitional justice system, particularly the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP). They lack access to information, they and their legal advocates lack access to resources for adequate participation, and ongoing insecurity is preventing survivors/victims of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) from speaking out. There is currently no macro-case in the JEP that allows for SGBV victims throughout Colombia to meaningfully seek justice. The Council should request the Government to provide an update on how it is ensuring the necessary conditions for women, particularly Afro-descendant, Indigenous, and rural women, to be included in transitional justice and reconstruction measures, including the JEP. Finally, the Verification Mission should provide age and gender-sensitive reintegration and reincorporation support, specifically socioeconomic guarantees; women’s acquisition of land; and access to education and health services that encompass sexual and reproductive health care, and services that are inclusive of pregnant and lactating women and girls living in Territorial Training and Reincorporation Spaces (ETCR).