Current and Past Recommendations to the UN Security Council (Monthly Action Points)
Colombia (June 2019)
In its discussion of the forthcoming Secretary-General’s report and review of the mandate of the UN Verification Mission in Colombia, the Council should call on the Colombian Government to fully fund peace implementation, including gender justice provisions and the Ethnic Chapter of the Peace Accord, in its National Development Plan. The Council should call on the Government to urgently implement security guarantees and protection efforts, including collective security protocols, and ensure that the Timely Action Plan (PAO) is implemented in consultation with women human rights defenders (WHRDs), particularly those from Afro-descendant, Indigenous, and rural communities, as well as women and girls who are former combatants or formerly associated with FARC. Briefings and reports should include information on ways in which the Mission and the Government are upholding and funding gender and racial justice provisions of the Peace Accord. Reports should mention progress on establishing and maintaining community-based and gender-responsive self-protection and early warning systems to address the presence of new armed actors and violence in territories formerly under FARC control. The Council should monitor Government attempts to modify the Peace Agreement, particularly the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, and request regular information regarding local-level implementation to ensure that women, particularly Afro-descendant, Indigenous, and rural women, are included in transitional justice and reconstruction measures. The Council should extend the Mission’s presence in the country to provide age and gender-sensitive reintegration and reincorporation support, specifically socioeconomic guarantees and income generation projects; women’s acquisition of land; and access to education and health services that encompass sexual and reproductive health care, and services that are inclusive of pregnant and lactating women and girls living in Territorial Training and Reincorporation Spaces (ETCR). All reincorporation initiatives at individual and collective levels, including reconciliation activities with civilians living near the ETCR, should utilize sex and age-disaggregated data, and be designed, implemented, and monitored through regular and inclusive consultation with women and girls formerly associated with armed groups and women’s organizations, particularly after the approval of the eight-year reintegration policy. The Council should also measure progress on the extent to which efforts to surrender weapons and disarm completely has positively improved the safety and security of rural women and girls and the LGBTI community, given the disproportionate impact weapons proliferation has on those groups. In this context, the Council should call on the Colombian Government to update and strengthen arms control regulations and permits in order to ensure that arms are not used to commit or facilitate human rights violations against women, including moving all political efforts for the ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).