For September, in which the United States has the presidency of the UN Security Council, the MAP provides recommendations on Afghanistan, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya and Yemen.
S/2018/539), as of May only 28% of registered voters are women; urgent efforts are needed by international partners to provide concrete support for women’s groups to ensure women’s full participation in every aspect of the electoral process. The international community must demonstrate its continued commitment to the Afghan people by supporting women’s voices in any peace process as well as peace and security decision-making, including through support of the implementation and localization of the women, peace and security (WPS) agenda, particularly given the sustained violence against women leaders and human rights defenders (HRDs) (S/RES/2242 (2015)).S/2018/174, S/2018/128, S/2017/963, S/2018/655). The Council should inquire as to MONUSCO’s efforts to engage all women in political processes at all levels, including in the context of the significant concerns that have been raised regarding the newly signed electoral law and ensure continued protection of women activists, candidates, and civil society representatives in light of continued threats to their safety and security. Further, the drafting of three bills which would enact restrictions on the ways in which CSOs operate, and also force HRDs to register with the Government, should be of particular concern given the ongoing targeting of CSOs and activists. The Council should accordingly call on the Government and elected officials to vote down the laws. Finally, the Council should demand the urgent implementation of the recommendations of the Commission of Investigation (Commission d’Enquête Mixte 3121) regarding the violent oppression of peaceful demonstrations by the security forces on 31 December 2017 and on 21 January 2018.S/RES/2376 (2017), OP 4), as well as UNSMIL’s Action Plan for Libya. The Security Council should acknowledge that while the latter has helped revive the political process, re-establish the UN in Tripoli and hold long-awaited elections in Zawiya, it has failed to ensure gender parity in its consultative phase. In fact, less than 25% of participants were women. The Security Council should take this opportunity to reiterate that UNSMIL and the Presidential Council should ensure the inclusion of women in all peace and security processes, and that upcoming National Conference and elections have to provide women with the same opportunities to substantively engage in and impact all phases of these processes from consultation to implementation to monitoring and evaluation to reporting. Updates should be provided regarding UNSMIL’s efforts to support the Government in preventing arbitrary detention of women and girls as well as improving the deteriorating conditions of the women’s prison as reported from the last Secretary-General report (S/2018/429). The Council should ensure investigation and monitoring of these violations and equally address the needs of survivors of SGBV by including new provisions in UNSMIL’s mandate which call for the mission to ensure the safety, dignity and long-term needs of survivors and their families including by supporting CSOs in their efforts. Moreover, the Security Council should address the increasing security and political pressure from Libyan authorities against women HRDs and CSOs who are at risk of persecution due to partnerships with international organizations, by calling on the Government to protect CSOs and HRDs and support their work.CEDAW/C/YEM/Q/7-8). The Council and the UN offices on the ground must support the local civil society to establish emergency plans and humanitarian operation room teams, including hotlines to help civilians and ensure that these workers are not targeted and are protected. Moreover, the Council should inquire about the lack of participation in conflict resolution and conflict management processes by CSOs, women leaders, women’s groups, and youth representatives that reflect the diversity of Yemen’s population, including ethnic, geographical and political affiliation; as well as, efforts to protect women HRDs and civil society activists, and their access to legal support and essential services. Council members should call for an international commission of inquiry as well as continued support of the national human rights monitoring and reporting mechanism to ensure that information and analysis are comprehensive and include documentation of attacks and threats against civil society. Further, there should be greater civic space for national human rights organizations to monitor and report on the human rights situation. More broadly, all stakeholders, including the Arab coalition, must ensure women’s meaningful participation in discussion, design and implementation of peace and security strategies, including those which aim to counter violent extremism (S/RES/2122 (2013), OP 13; S/RES/2242 (2015), OP 13; CEDAW/C/YEM/Q/7-8). Finally, in order for this to be done effectively, capacity building for relevant experts, including peacebuilding and women’s CSOs, to undertake gender-sensitive conflict analysis and translate it into concrete actions, must be a priority. Any assistance should provide a full range of medical services, sexual and reproductive health services; legal; psychosocial; education and livelihood services, and the access necessary both before, during, and after, armed conflict (S/RES/2122 (2013), CEDAW/C/YEM/Q/7-8).