November 7, 2019
Two years since the February 2021 military takeover, a human rights, political, socioeconomic and humanitarian crisis continues to impact nearly every facet of life in Myanmar. One in three people in Myanmar are estimated to require humanitarian assistance due to food insecurity and limited or no access to health care, including sexual and reproductive services. Displacement continues unabated, yet administrative restrictions and violence against first responders, including health care workers, hamper humanitarian access and delay the delivery of the most basic of assistance. The situation is further characterized by violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, encompassing both indiscriminate and targeted attacks against protestors, activists, journalists, politicians and human rights defenders, such as arbitrary arrest and detention, extrajudicial torture, rape and deportation or forcible transfer, with women, girls and LGBTQI+ individuals at heightened risk, particularly of all forms of gender-based violence. In the Security Council’s forthcoming discussions on the situation, Council members must:
Finally, it is critical that diverse perspectives inform all discussions on the situation. Thus, the Security Council must actively engage with diverse civil society, including women and all ethnic minorities, including the Rohingya, and explicitly communicate that this should be a priority to relevant stakeholders including the National Unity Government (NUG), ASEAN, and the Office of the Special Envoy.